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Real Estate Terms
 
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Teaser Loan
An adjustable-rate mortgage loan in which the borrower pays a very low initial interest rate, which increases after a few years. Teaser loans try to entice borrowers by offering an artificially low rate and small down payments, claiming that borrowers should be able to refinance before the increases occur.

Teaser Rate
An initial rate on an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM). This rate will typically be below the going market rate, and is used by lenders to entice borrowers to choose ARMs over traditional mortgages. The teaser rate will be in effect for only a few months, at which point the rate will gradually climb until it reaches the full indexed rate, which will be a static margin rate plus the floating rate index to which the mortgage is tied

Tenement
A housing structure that has several houses or units put together, often called an apartment. The word "tenement" was used most frequently many years ago to reference housing usually inhabited by lower income families. These buildings are simple rental properties that are more practical for those unable to afford a house or for those who would like to live in an area, such as city centers, where there are no houses to purchase.

Terraced house
A number of single or multi-unit buildings in a continuous row with shared walls and no intervening space.

Thrift
Thrifts are savings and loans associations. Thrifts also refer to credit unions and mutual savings banks that provide a variety saving and loans services. There are two basic thrift savings and loans: a general purpose loan which requires repayment within five years and a residential loan which must be repayed within 15 years.

Time Sharing
A hybrid form of ownership. A time share is the right to occupy a unit of real estate property, such as a condominium or vacation home, during a specified number of separate time periods. Each time period is for a certain duration, such as one or two weeks. Time-sharing allows multiple purchasers to buy interests in the same real estate.

Timeshare
An ownership model whereby many customers own allotments of usage in the same property. The timeshare model can be applied to many different types of properties such as condominiums, homes, campgrounds, recreational vehicles and private jets.

Title
The right to the ownership and possession of any item that may be legally recognized as belonging to someone or something. In its most basic sense, title is the recognition of ownership. There are three components to the concept of title; possession or occupation, the right of possession and apparent ownership.

Title Insurance
Insurance that covers the loss of an interest in a property due to legal defects and that is required if the property is under mortgage. Most title insurance is lender's title insurance, which is paid for by the borrower but protects only the lender. Owner's title insurance is a separate policy; in some areas it is paid for by the seller to protect the buyer's equity in the property.

Title Service Cost(s)
paid by either party according to the contract but by default seller may pay the majority, for title search, title insurance, and possibly other title services. In some cases the attorney may do the title search or the title service and attorney fees may be combined. Required by institutional/commercial lenders and often by the real estate contract.

Transfer of Mortgage
A transaction where either the borrower or lender assigns an existing mortgage (bank loan to purchase a residential property) from the current holder to another person or entity. Homeowners who are unable to keep current on their mortgage payments may seek a transfer so that they don't default and go into foreclosure. Not all mortgages are eligible for transfer. In order to transfer a mortgage, the lender will need to verify that the person or entity that will assume the mortgage has adequate income and credit history to be able to make payments in a timely manner.

Triple Net Lease
A lease agreement that designates the lessee (the tenant) as being solely responsible for all of the costs relating to the asset being leased in addition to the rent fee applied under the lease. The structure of this type of lease requires the lessee to pay for net real estate taxes on the leased asset, net building insurance and net common area maintenance. The lessee has to pay the net amount of three types of costs, which how this term got its name. This type of lease can also be referred to as a "net-net-net lease" or a "hell or high water lease".

Trust Deed
1. A formal document which outlines the terms of a trust agreement. 2. A common way to structure real estate purchases, where the title to a property is held in trust until the loan for the property is paid.

Two-Step Mortgage
A mortgage that offers an initial fixed-interest rate for a period of time (usually 5 or 7 years) after which, at a predetermined date, the interest rate adjusts according to current market rates. At the adjustment date, the borrower might have the option of choosing between a fixed-interest rate (based on current market rates) for the remaining term of the mortgage, or a variable interest rate structure for the remaining term of the mortgage.

 

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